Antagonists of Evil in the Works of J. R. R. Tolkien and Nato Davitashvili


  • Tamar Katamadze Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University


Fantasy, J.R.R.Tolkien, Nato Davitashvili, Antagonist, Demigods


The article deals with the main characteristics of the antagonists in Fantasy literature. Evil characters have always existed in different literary works. However, in fantasy literature the main antagonist is definitely evil. For the research there have been chosen two great fantasy writers of English and Georgian literature J. R. R. Tolkien and Nato Davitashvili. The comparison of Sauron (“The Lord of the rings”) and Samsala (“The story of Lile Iroeli”) indicates that both of them have some similar characteristics which can be presented in different aspects such as their origin, physical appearance, their naming, preparation for the great war and their defeating weapon.  Tolkien, as a founder of fantasy genre has created the framework of fantasy characters that influences every fantasy author including Nato Davitashvili. Evidently, she took the main traits of antagonist character from Tolkien’s works which is the reason for similarity of features of the two antagonists, but the Georgian author has added many additional traits and elements from Georgian mythology which emphasize on the individuality of the author. 


Clute, J. & Grant, J. (1999). The encyclopedia of fantasy. First St. Martin edition.

Croft, J. B. (2009). Naming the Evil One: Onomastic Strategies in Tolkien and Rowling," Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature: Vol. 28 : No. 1 , Article 10. Retrieved from

Davitashvili, N. (2010). The story of Lile Iroeli. Karchkhadze Press. Tbilisi.

Jung, C. G. (1981). Archetypes and Collective Unconscious. Princeton University Press. USA

Lence, E.(1976). Sauron is watching you: The role of the great eye in ‘The Lord of the Rings’:Mythlore - A Journal of J.R.R.Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams and Mythopoetic Literature. Vol.4, No.1, Issue 13. Retrieved from

Literary Devices. (2017, May 1). Retrieved December 5, 2019, from

Moorcock, M. (2004). Wizardry and Wild Romance: A Study of Epic Fantasy. MonkeyBrain Books. Texas. USA.

Propp, V. (1968). Morphology of the folktale. University of Texas Press, Austin.

Stableford, B. (2005). The A to Z of Fantasy Literature. Scarecrow Press. Plymouth.UK.

Tolkien J.R.R. (1998). The Silmarillion, Harper Collins, UK.

Tolkien, J.R.R. (1999). The Lord of the Rings, Ballantine books. New York.




How to Cite

Katamadze, T. (2021). Antagonists of Evil in the Works of J. R. R. Tolkien and Nato Davitashvili. Journal of Narrative and Language Studies, 9(16), 13–20. Retrieved from