The Muslims in Medieval Lviv: linguistic, historical contexts
Keywords:Lviv, Muslim community, Medieval Europe, narrative sources, Early Modern literature
The existence of Muslim communities in the medieval cities of Europe is an actual issue. Information of some medieval narrative texts demonstrated the presence of Muslims as a separate urban stratum. A striking example is Ruthenian (old Ukrainian) Lviv, which in the fourteenth century became part of the Kingdom of Poland. King Casimir III of Poland, in confirmation of the Magdeburg right granted to the city in 1356, identified the “Sarracenorum” group of people as a separate category of citizens. The purpose of the article is to analyze medieval and early modern sources (historical records and literary works) about Muslim community in Lviv from the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries. The research is based on the use of special linguistic, historical and other theoretical research methods. Using the comparative historical method, we compared mentions about Muslims in early modern historical works. The typological method of language research made it possible to trace the linguistic evolution of the word “Sarracenorum”, its transformation in the Ruthenian manner. The conclusions indicate that during the fourteenth to seventeenth century representatives of the Muslim community could well live in Lviv. Their number or ethnic origins are difficult to establish because of lack of sources. At the same time, early modern tradition (historical records and literary works) dating back to the sixteenth century does not mention them. Obviously, the area of Muslim settlement in the city and their activities are the subject of further discussion.
Berend, N. (2014). A note on the end of Islam in medieval Hungary: Old mistakes and some new results. Journal of Islamic Studies, 25(2), 201-206. https://doi.org/10.1093/jis/etu024
Constable, O. R. (2000). Muslim trade in the late medieval Mediterranean world. The New Cambridge History of Islam, 632-647. https://doi.org/10.1017/chol9780521839570.024
Dąbrowski, D. (2017). Kronika halicko-wołyńska: (Kronika Romanowiczów). Kraków: Avalon.
Daniel, N. (2011). The Image of Islam in the Medieval and the Early Modern Period. In A. Nanji (Ed.), Mapping Islamic Studies: Genealogy, Continuity and Change (pp. 128-148). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110811681.128
D’Arnis, W. M. (1866). Lexicon manuale ad scriptores mediae et infimae latinitatis. Paris: J. P. Migne.
Dashkevych, Y. R. (1994). Rus’ i Syriya: vzayemozv’yazky VIII-XIV stolit’ [Rus’ and Syria: the relationship of VIII–XIV centuries]. Zapysky Naukovoho tovarystva imeni Shevchenka [Notes of the Shevchenko Scientific Society], 228, 7–47. URL: https://chtyvo.org.ua/authors/Dashkevych_Yaroslav/Rus_i_Syriia_vzaiemozviazky_VIII-XIV_stolit/
Dashkevych, Y. R. (2010). Saratseny – tayemnychyy narod serednʹovichnoyi Ukrayiny (Dzherela ta yikhnya interpretatsiya) [Saracens – the mysterious people of medieval Ukraine (Sources and their interpretation)]. Ukrayins’kyy arkheohrafichnyy shchorichnyk [Ukrainian Archaeographic Yearbook], 13/14, 7-37. URL: https://chtyvo.org.ua/authors/Dashkevych_Yaroslav/Saratseny__taiemnychyi_narod_serednovichnoi_Ukrainy_Dzherela_ta_ikhnia_interpretatsiia/
Frassetto, M. (1999). The image of the saracen as heretic in the sermons of Ademar of Chabannes. Western Views of Islam in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, 83-96. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780312299675_4
Kagay, D. J. (1999). The essential enemy: The image of the Muslim as Adversary and vassal in the law and literature of the medieval crown of Aragon. Western Views of Islam in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, 119-136. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780312299675_6
Kettani, H. (2016). History and prospect of Muslims in Western Europe. Journal of Religion and Health, 56(5), 1740-1775. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-016-0253-4
Mereniuk, K. V. (2021a). “Tournaments” and “Games” in Rus’: Tradition or single Mentions? Problemy istoriyi viyn i viys’kovoho mystetsva [Problems of the History of Wars and the Art of War], 3, 57-69.
Mereniuk, K. V. (2021b). Zhinku u sudovykh poyedynkakh rus’kykh mist-respublik XIII–XV st. [Women in juridical battles of Rus’ cities-republic of he XIII–XV centuries]. Annaly yurydychnoyi istoriyi [Annals of legal history], 5(1), 52-62. URL: http://legalhistoryjournal.com.ua/uk/2021-%d1%82%d0%be%d0%bc-5/
Narkowicz, K., & Pędziwiatr, K. (2016). From unproblematic to contentious: Mosques in Poland. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43(3), 441-457. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183x.2016.1194744
Osipyan, O. L. (2010). “Topographia civitatis Leopolitanae” Iohanna Alembeka pochatku XVII st. yak dzherelo z istoriyi L’vova: kognityvna ramka, naratyvni stratehiyi [“Topographia civitatis Leopolitanae” by Johann Alembek in the early XVII century as a source on the history of Lviv: cognitive framework, narrative strategies]. Ukrayins’kyy istorychnyy zhurnal [Ukrainian Historical Journal], 4, 192-222. URL:https://shron1.chtyvo.org.ua/Osipian_Oleksandr/Topographia_civitatis_Leopolitanae_Iohanna_Alembeka_pochatku_XVII_st_iak_dzherelo_z_istorii_Lvova_kognityvna_ramka_naratyvni_stratehii.pdf
Parshyn, I.L. (2016). Kordony Halyts’ko-Volyns’koyi derzhavy na pochatku XIV st. (za “Knyhoyu znan’ pro vsi korolivstva”) [The Borders of Halych-Volhynian State at the beginning of the XIV century (based on “The Book of Knowledge of All the Kingdoms”)]. Naukovyy visnyk Skhidnoyevropeys’koho natsional’noho universytetu im. Lesi Ukrayinky. Seriya: istorychni nauky [Scientific Bulletin of the Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University. Series: historical sciences], 13, 3-10. URL:https://chtyvo.org.ua/authors/Parshyn_Illia/Kordony_Halytsko-Volynskoi_derzhavy_na_pochatku_XIV_st_za_Knyhoiu_znan_pro_vsi_korolivstva/
Parshyn, I.L. (2018). Knyazhyy L’viv v Uhors’kiy istoriohrafiyi XV–XVII stolit’ [Medieval Lviv in Hungarian Historigraphy of the XV–XVII centuries]. Z istoriyi zakhidnoukrayinsʹkykh zemel’ [From the history of western Ukrainian lands], 14, 44–56. URL: https://www.inst-ukr.lviv.ua/uk/publications/materials/zahidno-ukr-zemli/22-014-istoriyi-zakhidnoukrayinskykh-zemel/?id=332
Rudnyckyj G. (1972). Etymological dictionary of the Ukrainian language. Winnipeg: Ukrainian Free Academy of Sciences. URL: https://archive.org/stream/rudnycky_tom1/rudnycky_tom1_djvu.txt
St. Theodosius, abbot of Pechersk. (2000). Slovo pro viru latynsʹku chy varyazʹku [A word about the Latin or Varangian faith]. URL: http://litopys.org.ua/oldukr2/oldukr17.htm
Voloshchuk, M. (2021). Galich, was it a real (part of) Rus’? Konštantínove listy/Constantine's Letters, 14(2), 37-50. https://doi.org/10.17846/cl.2021.14.2.37-50
Zimorowic, B. (2002). Leopolis Triplex. Lviv: Centr Evropu.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Narrative and Language Studies
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.