The Impact of Study Abroad Experience on EFL Learners’ Self-Efficacy
Studying abroad has usually been recommended to be the layman's key suggestion to develop a mastery of the target language. In line with this suggested popularity, the fascination with studying abroad needs to be validated on scientific grounds. This study therefore examined the role of study abroad experience on English major students’ self-efficacy across different language skills. For this purpose, data were collected from the students of KTU DELL (2nd, 3rd, and 4th grades) in order to determine students’ perceived self-efficacy. The participants were asked to complete a questionnaire of 30 questions documenting their self-efficacy perceptions as well as the degree of their cultural interaction. The data were analyzed using the SPSS 16.0. The study revealed that participation in a study abroad program regardless of its length had a significant impact on students’ self-efficacy in many sub-skills (reading, writing, listening, and speaking) of language learning. The level of self-efficacy gains was found to be related to the level and type of interactions. Further implications of these findings are discussed along with the suggestions on how to improve the motivational benefits of study abroad programs.
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