Three Phases of Aldous Leonard Huxley's Approach to Modernity and Modernization

  • Hilal Kaya Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University
Keywords: Huxley, Eurocentrism, modernity, modernization, Multiple Modernities.


Traversing disciplinary boundaries between literary studies, cultural studies and sociology, this study claims to be distinctive because it explores Huxley’s writings in relation to the issues of modernity and modernization. The study aims to foreground Huxley’s changing engagement with modernity and modernization that informs his novels, Point Counter Point (1928) and Brave New World (1932). That is, when he wrote Point Counter Point his idea of the modern was closer to the liberal narrative of modernity: Point Counter Point idealizes “the West” and equates it with modernity. From Brave New World on, however, Huxley started to make a criticism of this understanding of the modern and re-conceptualized his attitude to modernity and modernization. He challenges the limits of conventional time and deconstructs the binaries between “the West” and “the East:” his novel, in other words, reconfigures modernity and modernization in ways that foreground multiple experiences and practices of modernity.       


Download data is not yet available.


Adorno, T. and M. Horkheimer (1944). The Dialectic of Enlightenment. Trans. John Cumming. New York: The Continuum Publishing, 1994.

Adorno, T. (1967). Prisms. London: Neville Spearman.
Baker, Robert S. (1995). “The Nightmare of the Frankfurt School: The Marquis de Sade and the Problem of Modernity in Aldous Huxley's Dystopian Narrative" in Now More Than Ever: Proceedings of the Aldous Huxley Centenary Symposium, Münster 1994, ed. Bernfried Nugel. 245-60. Frankfurt, Berlin, New York: Peter Lang.
Honneth, Axel. (1987). “Critical Theory” Critical Theory Today eds. A. Giddens and J Turner. Cambridge: Polity.
Horkheimer, Max. (1947). Eclipse of Reason. New York: OUP.
Huxley, A. L. (1926). Jesting Pilate: The Diary of A Journey. London: Chatto Windus.
______ . (1928). Point Counter Point. London: Modern Library.
______ . (1932). Brave New World. London: Chatto Windus.
______ . (1920-63). Aldous Huxley Complete Essays Vol. I-II-III-IV-V-VI, 1920-1963. Baker, Robert S. and James Sexton, eds., Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2000.
Kellner, Douglas. (2002). “Theodor W. Adorno and the Dialectics of Mass Culture” in Adorno: A Critical Reader. Oxford: Blackwell.
Marcuse, Herbert. (1955). Eros and Civilization: Philosophical Inquiry into Freud, Boston: Beacon Press.
Mirsepassi, Ali. (2004). Intellectual Discourse and the Politics of Modernization: Negotiating Modernity in Iran. Cambridge: CUP.
Mitchell, Timothy. (2000). “The Stage of Modernity” in Questions of Modernity. Minneapolis, the Uni. of Minnesota Press.
O’Har, George. (Apr., 2004). “Technology and Its Discontents” in Technology and Culture, Vol. 45, No. 2 pp. 479-485. The John Hopkins University Press.
Shohat, E. and Robert Stam. (1994). Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media. London: Routledge.
How to Cite
Kaya, H. (2018). Three Phases of Aldous Leonard Huxley’s Approach to Modernity and Modernization. Journal of Narrative and Language Studies, 6(10), 101-112. Retrieved from