Lexical Patterns of Free Indirect Discourse in D.H. Lawrence's Women in Love

Authors

  • Gökçenaz Gayret Giresun Üniversitesi

Abstract

This study explores D.H. Lawrence’s Women in Love in terms of lexical patterns of free indirect discourse. In an attempt to investigate how lexical patterns attribute to free indirect discourse in the narrative, related features are categorized into six subcategories consisting of clause-initial adjuncts, interjections, sentence modifiers, epistemic lexemes, intensifiers, and foreign lexemes. The study argues that the author’s use of free indirect discourse helps to reverberate the characters’ process of self-awareness, stirred yet submerged desires, multitudinous thoughts, inarticulate and repressed instinct, self-assessment, and sudden burst of feelings. Moreover, the study shows how the author exploits free indirect discourse to represent spontaneous consciousness, reveals the character’s inner self; contributes to polyvocality; makes the character’s subjective voice heard; invokes irony and creates a sense of detachment as well as arousing empathy in Women in Love.

References

Banfield, Ann (1973). Narrative Style and the Grammar of Direct and Indirect Speech. Foundations of Language, 10, 1-39.
Bosseaux, Charlotte (2007). How Does It Feel? Point of View in Translation: The Case of Virginia Woolf into French. New York, Rodopi.
Brinton, Laurel (1980). Represented Perception: A Study in Narrative Style. Poetics, 9 (4): 363- 381.
Cohn, Dorrit (1966). Narrated Monologue: Definition of a Fictional Style. Comparative Studies, 18 (2), 97-112.
__________ (1978). Transparent Minds: Narrative Modes for Presenting Consciousness in Fiction. Princeton University Press.
Çıraklı, Mustafa Zeki (2010) Narrative Strategies and Meaning: A Narratological Approach to William Golding’s Fiction. Saarbrucken, VDM Publishing.
Lawrence, David Herbert (1920). Women in Love. London: Wordsworth Classics.
Leskiv, Alina (2009). The Literary Phenomenon of Free Indirect Speech. ZESZYT, 60 (6), 51-58.
Nadell, Brooke Jewett (2003). Novelistic Knowledge: Free Indirect Discourse and the Representation of Interior Life in the Novels of Jane Austen, George Eliot, and Henry James (PhD. Dissertation). Yale University.
Oltean, Stefan (1993). A Survey of the Pragmatic and Referential Functions of Free Indirect Discourse. Poetics Today, 14 (4), 691-714.
____________ (2003). On the Bivocal Nature of Free Indirect Discourse. JLS, 32, 167-176.
Parsons, Deborah (2007). Theorists of the Modern Novel: James Joyce, Dorothy Richardson, Virginia Woolf. Abingdon: Routledge.
Ramazani, Vahed (1988). The Free Indirect Mode: Flaubert and the Poetics of Irony. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.
Rimmon-Kenan, Shlomith (2005). Narrative Fiction: Contemporary Poetics. London and New York: Routledge.
Robinson, Alyssa (2011). Dialogical Narrative and the Struggle for Vehicle Consciousness in D. H. Lawrence’s Women in Love (MA Published Thesis). Seton Hall University.
Stevenson, Randall (1992). Modernist Fiction: An Introduction. The University Press of
Kentucky.
Toolan, Micheal (2013). Language and Literature: An Introduction to Stylistics. Hodder Arnold Publication.
Voloshinov, Valentin Nikolaevich (1973). Marxism and The Philosophy of Language (Trans. Ladislaw Matejkar & Jan Titunik). New York and London: Seminar Press.
Wales, Katie (2001). A Dictionary of Stylistics. Harlow, Longman: Pearson Education Limited.
Zheng, Jianjun (2010). The Reinvention of Love in D. H. Lawrence’s Women in Love. Asian Social Science, 6 (3), 125-127.

Downloads

Published

2016-12-28

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.