Difficulties of Constructing the Feminine Subject Resulting From Limitations of Language - Based on Poetic Texts of Ingeborg Bachmann and Lia Sturua.
In the discourse of feminist literary studies, women’s writing is often viewed as an independent, strong branch developing alongside the men’s mainstream literature. Feminist literature was gradually characterized as breaking traditions and that is why women’s texts/literature is often mentioned as a subculture. Women’s texts highlight the unity of theme and metaphor often containing subtexts and they attempt to change their meanings with female experience. A woman has been perceived as the other/ an object in relation to the male since ancient times, so it was difficult for her to express her desires in the dominant discourse. In feminist studies, they often discuss the restriction of women with characters, language, myths and history ascribed to them by the patriarchal world and the lack of autonomy in defining “femininity”, contributing to the difficulty to identity formation. That is why French feminism often speaks of “oppression” of feminine language. This article analyzes some lyrical works of Austrian Ingeborg Bachmann and Georgian Lia Sturua in the context of post-structuralism and highlights characteristics of feminine language, those deficits and impediments women face in the process of constructing the subject as a whole.
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